woensdag 28 april 2010

#8 Sequences

Sequences between building and urban space
The theme of this issue of Time-based Architecture focuses specifically on those circular time-based activities in the area between public and private domain. The façade for instance, in the interior of the city defines the transitional spaces, boundaries, borders, thresholds and interaction points between public, semi- public and private domains as a sequence of experience.

As a result we can consider this issue to be an attempt to examine and study the sequence of, mainly in-between, spaces between buildings and the city. To clarify this idea, we can refer to a dweller that needs a certain distance from the surroundings for reasons of privacy. The building is also a place to retreat to from the public and to protect you from outside danger and climate. It is a delicate process of design between private and public to which a building has to give shape. To have a better understanding of the relation between building and urban space, we will give a short overview of the development of the urban space.

The projects
MVRDV, The Rotterdam Market hall

Kamran Diba & Associates, Shushtar New Town,

Geurst & Schulz, Le medi, in Rotterdam

The Morphosis social Housing project in Madrid

The Mountain, dwellings project, located in Copenhagen,g garage.

Guest Editor: Mohamad Sedighi

zondag 6 december 2009

#7 Barcelona

Model of the Media-Tic Building, Cloud 9 Enric Ruiz-Geli

Time-based Barcelona
Barcelona is a typical example of a grid planned city that can adapt all kinds of changes over the years. In this issue of Time-based Architecture International we will also be focusing on new projects in Barcelona, Cerdà's grid plays an important role as an underlying structure of new development. In spite of the economical situation today in Catalonia, there is still a lot of building and planning activity in Barcelona. Especially in the north-eastern part of Cerdà’s grid in between the Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes and the Mediterranean coast, where a public-private organisation called 22@ is redeveloping a lot of the existing blocks. Beside this concentrated development, we also find a series of other interesting projects in which time plays an important role. Some of them are focusing on housing, some on renewing existing buildings, others aiming at improving the public space.

Introdution by Bernard Leupen, Kevin Penalva, Paul de Vroom

Bau Escola, Josep Boncompte foto Bernard Leupen


Housing Project in Londres-Villarroel street - Jaime Coll and Judith Leclerc

Edifici Mediatic - Cloud09, Enric Ruiz Geli
Text by Paul de Vroom

LIMA Project - SaAS- Joan Sabaté

Compact Hábit - Xavier Tragant Mestres

Bau Escola Suprior de disseny - Josep Boncompte and Guillermo Font
Text by Josep Boncompte and Guillermo Font

Museu Picasso - Jordi Garcés
Text by Jordi Garcés

The 22@development
Text by Rosina Vinyes i Ballbé

#6 Urban Edges Transformed

The Massena Quarter Paris, Christian de Portzamparc. One of the street with colourful houses, photo Bernard Leupen

Urban Edges Transformed

As an urban form, the metropolis is undergoing rapid changes, in particular at the edge of more established cities. The challenges of accommodating large scale infrastructure, while meeting the demands of contemporary economies, have yielded less than satisfactory results, especially when accounting for the toll on the environment. This issue examines projects and proposals that address these challenges, especially as they play themselves out at the edge of urban centers and in the suburbs. How, we ask, can we engage time as a means of redefining a transformed metropolis, one with a stronger and unique identity, closely tied to the dynamics of ecology, economy and place making?
Introductory Essay Author: Paul Lukez Images by: Peter Vanderwarker (photographer), Sarah McKenzie (painter), Paul Lukez (architect / artist)

Retrofitting Suburban Form: Incremental Metropolitanism at Belmar_Colorado, USA 2001-2012
Architect: Elkus Manfredi Architects and Civitas
Text by June Williamson

Tangshan Urban Planning Museum_Tangshan, China 2008
Architect: URBANUS Architecture and Design
Text by Wang Hui

SOLARIS: Continuous Green_one-north, Singapore 2008-2010
Architect: T.R.Hamzah&Yeang
Text by Mitchell Gelber

Eco-City_Logroño, Spain 2007-2013
Architects: MVRDV and GRAS
Text by: Paul Lukez

Masterplan Ede East: a framework for future development_EdeEast, TheNetherlands 2004
Architect: Palmboom & van den Bout
Text by BernardLeupen

The Massena Quarter_Paris, France 1995-2007, Atelier Christian de Portzamparc
Text by: Bernard Leupen

Flight Forum_Eindhoven,The Netherlands 1998-2004
Architect: MVRDV
Text by Bernard Leupen

Burlington Mall Transformed_Burlington, MA, USA 2002-2006
Architect: Paul Lukez Architecture / Transform-X
Text by: PaulLukez

woensdag 21 januari 2009

#5 China

by: Bernard Leupen, Hai Lin and Meng Sun
For ages the Chinese had a circular concept of time. Since the fast developments of the last decades the circular concept is taken over more and more by a dynamic concept. China's fast development in the last decades puts a lot of things upside down. City's and even buildings are now more static entity's as the where for ages. The fast changes asked or a dynamic and time-based vision on architecture.

New architecture
In most of the publications on Chinese architecture to day, we see fast growing cities like Shanghai and Shenzhen. We see huge apartment buildings, all kinds of office and serving buildings in a fan of architectures from neo modern, to neo classical, from neo baroque to post modern. Most of them belong to bigness and XXL buildings. Between this overkill of images we seldom see authentic new Chinese architecture.

On of the first published projects which gives an other vision on new Chinese architecture is the Suitcase house by Gary Chang, Edge Design Institute. The design is an interesting reinterpretation of the traditional wooden Chinese house. A open room gives space to al kinds of dwelling activities. The space it selves is generic. All the specific elements are built in below the main floor. By opening a hinging floor element the specific element can provide a specific function like cooking, bathing or working.

The projects
Tongming’s own studio, Architect: Tongming, Shanghai (2003)

By Qing Li

Gary's Apartment, Gary Chang - Edge Design Institute, Island East, Hong Kong (2007)
By Meng Sun

Caiguo Qiang Courtyard House Renovation, Architect Peizhu, Beijing (2007)
By Bernard Leupen

Suquan Yuan tea house, Architect: Tongming, Suzhou (2007)
By Qing Li
Wuhan French and Chinese art center Architect Ke Zhang, Wuhan
By Meng Sun
Exhibition for CRC city, Gary Chang -- Edge Design Institute, Shenzhen (2008)
By Meng Sun

Water Tank for Goldfish, Architect Yansong Ma (2004)
By Hai Lin

#4 Developments in flexible house building in German-speaking countries

During the 20th century, flexibility concepts have been a periodically recurring influence for the production of hous­ing in Europe. Thus, a wealth of experience is available to­day. Essential flexibility concepts had already been devel­oped by the avant-garde of Classical Modernism.
Looking back we can see two very different development themes emerging in parallel in this first major development phase of flexible housing:

The development of flexibility strategies within new, avant-garde spatial models as part of ‘liberating living’
The development of flexibility strategies in plans for the ‘existential minimum’ by way of space-saving overlapping uses and growth models for building and housing people in crises
With many projects, however, these two themes also overlap, such as in Gerrit Rietveld and Truus Schröder's particular space creation in the Schröder house in Utrecht of 1924, or in Le Corbusier's double house on the Weissenhof of 1927.
Content #4
Flexible Dwellings in Germany, Austria and Switzerland

Sigrid Loch

Ten in one _ Flexible urban house, Berlin 2005, Germany
Roedig. Schop architects and Baugruppe A52

Q-Bus _ Flexible apartment building, Winterthur 2001, Switzerland
Kreis Schaad Schaad Architects

Future housing _ Sandgasse housing estate, Graz 2006, Austria
Architectural firm Hansjörg Tschom

Balance _`Wohnparks`[housing parks], 2000-2003, Switzerland
Haerle Hubacher Architects

Haus G _ An experiment in space, Überlingen 2009, Germany
(se)arch Architects- Stefanie Eberdingand Stephan Eberding

Apartment K _ A conversion with surprises, Attersee 2005, Austria
Atelier Peter Ebner- Franziska Ullmann

UFO _ Loft and commercial building, Frankfurt am Main 2004, Germany
Dietz Joppien Architekten AG

#3 Mixed living and working programmes – from generic to specific

Developments today and tomorrow
The relation between living and working is presently undergoing rapid change. The service business sector is growing faster than the industrial and agricultural sectors. Industry is becoming cleaner, and communication technology continues its dizzying pace of advance. The traditional family unit is continually losing ground to newer living patterns such as one-person households and couples who reverse the conventional domestic roles. There is a rising demand for space for start up companies, especially in creative business sectors. These trends hold out the prospect of greater functional mixing, which may help prevent towns turning into huge, monofunctional seas of housing with the associated risks of urban decay, ghetto formation and rundown commercial zones.

These factors make it relevant to redefine the changing relation between living and working. Present planning mechanisms are poor at responding to the changing patterns of demand for homes and offices. It is necessary to devise new urban housing types, which accommodate a multiplicity of mixed functions, so that they can cope with programmatic and spatial changes. The new types must be capable of reflecting the phenomenon of changing lifestyles and the imperatives of sustainable building by making intelligent use of scarce space.
Content #3
Mixed living and working programmes–from generic to specific


Piazza Ceramique, Maastricht
Jo Janssen Architecten-prof.ir.Wim van den Bergh Architect

Schiecentrale Media Campus, Rotterdam
Mei Architects and Urban Planners

Fahle Building, Tallinn
KOKO architects
RaivoKotov, Andrus Kõresaar
Interiordesign: KOKO architects, Liis Lindvere, Raili Paling, Liisi Murula

Jian Wai Soho, Beijijng
Riken Yamamoto & Field Shop

Miss Sargfabrik, Vienna
BKK-3Architektur ZT-GmbH together with MISSARGE (JohannWinter)

Building With Homes And Offices, Sursee
Scheitlin-Syfrig+Partner Architekten AG, Luzern

9/10 Stock Orchard Street, London
Sarah Wigglesworths Architects
Sarah Wigglesworths and Jeremy Till

zondag 18 januari 2009

#2 DKV from typological to time-based

From its inception, DKV architects has been founded in a firmly established working method and practice. Typological analysis is key to the office’s working method, wherein typology is implemented to create freedom. DKV’s sphere of activity spans everything from residential and urban building projects to diverse forms of non-residential building. An analytical approach centred in model-based thinking enables the office to maximise the potential of otherwise restrictive preconditions, and to identify unexpected solutions as a result. DVK architecten is based in Rotterdam and led by partners Roel Bosch, Herman de Kovel, Wilco Valk and Paul de Vroom. The office is active both within the Netherlands and far beyond.

DKV’s work is characterised by a simplicity that speaks for itself, with designs that make an impact through their organisational clarity and physical form. DKV seeks to identify the essence of any given project and to devise a targeted answer and an original design – a design that is innovative, yet at the same time surprisingly self-evident. The main theme of the design is systematically integrated at every level of scale, from urban planning down to the technical details. Since design processes today are in a constant state of flux and to a large extent unpredictable, DKV’s work has come to emphasise, more and more, the establishment of the necessary preconditions for change (or flexibility, as DKV calls it) as a specific design theme.

DKV stands for the initials of its three co-founders, Dolf Dobbelaar, Herman de Kovel and Paul de Vroom, who set up the office in 1984. All three completed their studies at TU Delft and, prior to founding DKV, worked at OMA on designing the urban development plan for the IJ-plein (IJ square) in the urban district of Amsterdam-Noord.

Three elements define DKV’s work:
1 model studies
2 typological approach (leading from model studies)
3 flexibility and "shell thinking”

Content #2

DKV from typological tot ime-based
Dr. ir. Bernard Leupen

Australië Boston
DKV architecten
Dolf Dobbelaar, Herman de Kovel en Paul de Vroom

Nieuwe Millinxbuurt, Rotterdam
DKV architecten
Dolf Dobbelaar, Herman de Kovel, Paul de Vroom

Kop van Havendiep, Lelystad
DKV architecten
Dolf Dobbelaar, Herman de Kovel, Paul de Vroom

Schutterstoren Meer en Oever, Amsterdam
DKV architecten
Roel Bosch, Herman de Kovel, Wico Valk, Paul de Vroom

Insula College, Dordrecht
DKV rchitecten
Roel Bosch, Herman de Kovel, Wico Valk, Paul de Vroom